May 24 - Mary Help of Christians
The title "Help of Christians" was given to Mary by Saint Pope Pius V, after the victory of the Christian forces at the Battle of Lepanto, on October 7, 1571.
Mary Help of Christians is the patroness of Australia, and Australia was the first country to adopt Mary Help of Christians as its patroness.
In September 1844 Archbishop Polding of Sydney met with the new Bishops of Adelaide and Hobart, and with about half of the approx. 3 dozen pioneer priests in Australia at the time. One of their decisions was to place Australia under the patronage of Mary Help of Christians. This was confirmed by the Holy See in 1852.
At the beginning of the 19th. century, Napoleon had occupied Rome and imprisoned the Pope (PiusVII). On 24th. May 1814 the Pope was released, and in thanksgiving he introduced into the Roman Calendar the Feast of Mary Help of Christians on that very day.
In the year 2001(the centenary of Australian Federation) which was also the begining of the new millennium, the Australian Bishops decided on renewing this patronage of the Virgin Mary under the title of "Help of Christians". This was one of the main official church events for the centenary of Federation.
Amongst other things, a new image of Mary Help of Christians was designed, which while basically following the traditional image, tried to give it a more contemporary appearance. The map of Australia is beneath Mary's feet, the Southern Cross shines in the night sky behind her. Her Queenship of heaven is proclaimed by the Crown she wears. The traditional sceptre in her right hand has been removed, and instead she is shown reaching out with an open hand to all her children, as she always does, and in particular in this title of "Help of Christians".
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