Dedication of the Basilicas of Saints Peter and Paul
Among the sacred places venerated by Christians all over the world from ancient times, one of the most famous has always been the tomb of Saint Peter at Rome.
The Emperor Constantine erected a magnificent Basilica over the tomb of St. Peter, and another Basilica on the Ostian Way, at the place where Saint Paul was martyred.
When the Basilica of Saint Peter was destroyed, it was rebuilt and consecrated in 1626
The Basilica of Saint Paul, also destroyed by fire, was also re-built and re-consecrated by Pope Pius IX in 1854, before a large contingent of Cardinals and Bishops who were in Rome to attend the ceremonies connected with the newly announced Dogma of the Immaculate Conception.
The anniversaries of both dedications are combined for today's feast.