St Teresa of Avila
Saint Teresa was born on March 28,1515, in the walled city of Avila, Spain.
After the death of her mother, when Teresa was only twelve years old, her father placed her in a convent of the Augustinian Nuns. She became a Nun in the Carmelite Convent of the Incarnation near Avila, and made her profession in November 1534.
For many years in the convent she led a good religious life, while certain faults plagued her. Inspired by the Holy Spirit and acting under the direction of enlightened men, she undertook the herculean task of reforming her Order, returning it to its original direction.
Assisted by Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591) she succeeded in reforming the Discalced Carmelites.
Before she died in 1582 thirty-two Monasteries of the Reformed Rule had been formed.
Saint Teresa wrote many books on Mystical Theology, which Popes Gregory XV and Urban VII considered to be equal to the works of other Doctors of the Church, and accordingly she was granted this title by Pope Paul VI on September 27, 1970.
She died in 1582, and was canonised by Pope Gregory XV (1554-1623)